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124
Montagnes en Provence
c. 1879
Alternate titles: Berglandschaft; Landscape; Le Barrage de François Zola; Midday L'Estaque; Midi (L'Estaque); Montagnes en Provence (près de l'Estaque?); Paysage de l'Estaque; Paysage provençal; The François Zola Dam; Vallée du Rhône
Rewald: (391) c.1879; Venturi: (490) 1886–90; Venturi revised: c.1883; Cézanne fils: c.1885; Cooper: 1878–80; Gowing: c.1883 (Edinburgh)
Oil on paper mounted on canvas
21 1/16 x 28 1/5 in. (53.5 x 72.4 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 3460, huile -- bords de la Mediterranée -- les premiers plans sont formés de rochers en haut un peu de mer; au fond des silhouettes de montagnes bleus, 54 x 75 cm (800 frs)
Vollard archives: photo no. 164, Annotated by Cézanne's son: circa 1885

Keywords

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decade: 1870–79 »
theme: Landscape »

Exhibition History

1889 Copenhagen: Kunstforeningen (Copenhagen Art Society), Scandinavian and French Impressionists, lent by Gauguin.
1904 Brussels: La Libre Esthétique, Peintres Impressionnistes, no. 20, Vallée du Rhône, tentative identification, lent by Baron Cochin.
1914a Paris: Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paul Cézanne, no. 4, Paysage de l'Estaque, tentative identification, for sale.
1914b Paris: Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Le Paysage du Midi, no. 4.
1916b New York: Montross Gallery, N.Y, Cézanne, no. 4, The François Zola Dam, lent by Bernheim-Jeune.
1917 Zürich: Kunsthaus, Französische Kunst des XIX und XX. Jahrhunderts, no. 5, Le Barrage de François Zola.
1918–20 Bath: Victoria Art Gallery, Modern Art, ill, Pl. I-B, Le Barrage de François Zola, lent by Gwendoline Davies.
1922 London: Burlington Fine Arts Club, Pictures, Drawings, and Sculptures of the French School of the Last 100 Years, no. 40, Landscape, lent by G. Davies.
1936c Paris: Musée de l'Orangerie, Cézanne, no. 42 (dated 1880–83), Montagnes en Provence, lent by G.-E. Davies.
1949–50 London: Royal Academy of Arts, Landscape in French Art, 1550–1900, no. 304.
1951 Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales
1954 Edinburgh and traveling: Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, Paintings by Cézanne, no. 32 (dated c.1883), lent by National Museum of Wales.
1954 Oslo: Kunstnerforbundet, Paul Cézanne, no. 14.
1963 Rotterdam: Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, no. 24, pl. 2.
1979a Paris: Musée Marmottan, Chefs-d'oeuvre impressionnistes du Musée National du Pays de Galle, no. 20, ill.
1990 Edinburgh: National Gallery of Scotland, Cézanne and Poussin: The Classical Vision in Landscape, no. 34, ill.
1995–96 Paris and traveling: Grand Palais, Paris, Paul Cézanne: Une Rétrospective, no. 56, ill, shown in Philadelphia only.
2002–03 Stockholm and traveling: Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, Impressionism and the North: Late 19th Century French Avant-Garde Art and the Art in the Nordic Countries 1870–1920, no. 20, ill, p. 144 (with Gauguin's study for a fan), Midday L'Estaque.
2006 Washington, D.C. and traveling: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, Cézanne in Provence, no. 43, ill. (dated c. 1876–79), shown in Washington only.
2006–07 London: National Gallery, Cézanne in Britain, no. 17, ill. (size: 542 x 742 cm), Montagnes en Provence (près de l'Estaque?).
2009–10 Columbia, S.C. and traveling: Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, S.C, Turner to Cézanne: Masterpieces from the Davies Collection, National Museum of Wales, no. 7, ill. (dated c. 1877–78).
2017 Martigny: Fondation Pierre Gianadda, Paul Cezanne, Le chant de la terre, no. 28, ill, lent by National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

Published References

Gauguin 1883: "Letter to Camille Pissarro. n.d. [probably written between 25 and 29 July 1883 in Paris]," p. 50.
Gauguin 1885: "Letter to his wife. n.d. [probably written fortnight of December 1885 in Paris]," p. 118.
Gauguin 1888a: Sketchbook, p. 5 (as size 20), Midi (L'Estaque), list datable to c. Jan. 1888.
Madsen 1889: "Kunst, Impressionisterne i Kunstforeningen"
Gauguin 1893: "Letter to his wife. n.d. [Paris, Dec. 1893]"
Gauguin 1894a: "Letter to E. Brandes. Paris 1894"
Piper & Co. 1912: Paul Cèzanne Mappe, pl. 4, Berglandschaft.
Cortissoz 1916: "Paul Cézanne and the Cult for His Paintings," ill. (reprinted in R. Cortissoz, Personalities in Art, New York and London, 1925, p. 298).
New York Times Magazine 1916: "A Representative Group of Cézannes Here," p. 21.
Wright 1916b: "Paul Cézanne," p. cxxix, ill.
Constable 1920: "Modern Art at the Victoria Art Gallery, Bath," p. 89, ill.
Burlington 1921: "Editorial: Cézanne and the Nation," p. 214, ill, Landscape.
Fry 1921: "Cézanne and the Nation," p. 209.
Fry 1922a: "The Burlington Fine Arts Club: Cézanne Once More"
Bulletin de la Vie Artistique 1925a: p. 270, ill, Le Barrage de François Zola.
Faure 1926a: P. Cézanne, pl. 44, Paysage provençal.
Faure 1926b: Histoire de l'Art, pl. 149.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, 2 vols., no. 490, ill. vol. 2, Montagnes en Provence.
Rewald 1937a: "A propos du catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre de Paul Cézanne et de la chronologie de cette oeuvre," p. 56.
Barnes and de Mazia 1939: The Art of Cézanne, no. 85, p. 212, ill. (analysis pp. 341–42).
Maison 1952: "French Paintings in the Gwendoline E. Davies Bequest," fig. XI.
Cooper 1954b: The Courtauld Collection, pp. 3–4.
National Museum of Wales 1955: Catalogue of Oil Paintings, p. 137, pl. 19b.
Rostrup 1960: "Eventails et pastels de Gauguin," p. 158.
Bodelsen 1962: "Gauguin's Cézannes," pp. 207–08, fig. 40.
Ingamells 1965: "Cézanne in England, 1910–30," pp. 344–45.
Evers 1967: Vom Historismus zum Funktionalismus, p. 177, ill.
Ingamells 1967: The Davies Collection of French Art, pp. 28–30, ill.
Bodelsen 1968a: Gauguin og Impressionisterne, pp. 79–86, ill. opp. p. 82.
Bodelsen 1968b: "Early Impressionist Sales 1874–94 in the Light of Some Unpublished 'Procès-Verbaux'," p. 335.
Ikegami 1969: Cézanne, fig. 22.
Roskill 1970: Van Gogh, Gauguin and the Impressionist Circle, pl. 28.
Bodelsen 1970b: "Gauguin the Collector," p. 606, no. 9.
Elgar 1975: Cézanne, fig. 65.
Plazy 1981: Cézanne, p. 12.
Wetzel 1984: Paul Cézanne: Leben u. Werk, p. 34/35, ill. in color.
Kendall 1988: Cézanne: By Himself, p. 146, ill.
Rewald 1989: Cézanne and America: Dealers, Collectors, Artists and Critics, 1891–1921, pp. 290, 291, 299, pl. XIV.
De Lartigue 1995: Les paysages de Paul Cézanne, p. 76, ill.
Burlington 1996: "Editorial: Cézanne and 'The Burlington Magazine'," p. 67, ill.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 391, ill. vol. 2, Montagnes en Provence (près de l'Estaque?).
Feilchenfeldt 2005b: "Cézannes Sammler. Von Zola bis Annenberg," p. 167, ill.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 156; vol. 2, p. 114, Montagnes en Provence (près de l'Estaque?).
Pola Museum of Art 2015: Cézanne: Pioneer of Modern Art, p. 72, fig. 13.

Remarks

Cézanne may have begun painting this canvas in the South and taken it with him to Paris to rework it. Paul Gauguin bought the painting from père Tanguy in the summer of 1883 and had it relined. Gauguin copied the work on a fan, now in the collection of the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen.

Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Montagnes en Provence, c. 1879 (cat. no. 124)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=387 (accessed September 25, 2017).
Record last updated December 4, 2015. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.