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Pigeonnier de Bellevue
Alternate titles: La Tour des pigeons à Montbriand; Pigeon Tower at Mont Briand; Pigeon Tower at Montbriand; Pigeonnier à Bellevue; The Pigeon House at Montbriand; The Pigeon Tower
Rewald: (692) 1889–90; Venturi: (650) 1888–92; Venturi revised: 1890–94; Rivière: 1886; Ratcliffe: possibly first half of 1889
Oil on canvas
25 3/16 x 31 1/2 in. (64 x 80 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 4127, Paysage à l'huile un pigeonnier genre tour, 65 x 81 cm (300 frs)
Vollard W stockbook: no. 4080, Le Pigeonnier; huile, 65 x 81 (75,000)


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decade: 1880–89 »
theme: Landscape »

Exhibition History

1926 Cleveland: The Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio, Fifty Years of French Art
1926 Toronto: Art Gallery of Toronto, Ontario, Inaugural Exhibition, no. 128, The Pigeon House at Montbriand, lent by M/M R.M.C[oe].
1928d New York: Wildenstein Galleries, N.Y, Paul Cézanne, no. 15, La Tour des pigeons à Montbriand, lent by Coe.
1929 New York: The Museum of Modern Art, N.Y, The museum's first loan exhibition: Cézanne, Gauguin, Seurat, van Gogh, no. 23, ill. (dated c. 1894), The Pigeon Tower, lent by M/M Ralph Coe.
1934 Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, Ill, A Century of Progress, no. 298, Pigeon Tower at Montbriand, lent by Coe.
1936 Cleveland: The Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio, Twentieth Anniversary Exhibition, no. 255, pl. 47.
1936 Toledo: Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio, Cézanne and Gauguin, no. 28, ill, Pigeon Tower at Mont Briand, lent by Cleveland Museum.
1937 San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Art, Calif, Paul Cézanne, no. 26, ill, lent by Cleveland Museum.
1940 Detroit: Detroit Institute of Arts, Mich, The Age of Impressionism, no. 3.
1942 Montreal: Montreal Art Association, Quebec, Masterpieces of Art, no. 68.
1945 Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Mass, A Thousand Years of Landscape: East and West, no number, p. 3.
1946 Aix-en-Provence: Pavillon de Vendôme, no. 41, ill.
1947b New York: Wildenstein Galleries, N.Y, Cézanne, no. 44, ill, lent by Cleveland.
1948 Columbus: Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Ohio, Springtime of Impressionism, no. 5, ill.
1953 Vancouver: Art Gallery, British Columbia, French Impressionists, no. 47, ill.
1956 Aix-en-Provence: Pavillon de Vendôme, Exposition pour commémorer le cinquantenaire de la mort de Cézanne, no. 41, ill, lent by Cleveland.
1976a Tokyo and traveling: National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Masterpieces: East and West from American Collections, no. 46, ill.
1990 Edinburgh: National Gallery of Scotland, Cézanne and Poussin: The Classical Vision in Landscape, no. 46, ill.
1995–96 Paris and traveling: Grand Palais, Paris, Paul Cézanne: Une Rétrospective, no. 121, ill.
2005–06 Marseille and traveling: Musée des Beaux-Arts, Marseille, Right Under the Sun, Landscape in Provence: From Classicism to Modernism (1750–1920), no. 36, ill, p. 177, Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
2006 Washington, D.C. and traveling: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, Cézanne in Provence, no. 60, ill, shown in Washington only.

Published References

Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, p. 214, listed.
Milliken 1926: "Fifty Years of French Art," p. 336, ill.
Loran 1930: "Cézanne's Country," p. 533, ill, with recent photograph of motif.
Francis 1936: "The Pigeon Tower at Montbriand by Paul Cézanne," p. 36, ill.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, 2 vols., no. 650, ill. vol. 2, Pigeonnier à Bellevue.
Novotny 1938: Cézanne und das Ende der wissenschaftlichen Perspektive, p. 202, no. 75, list of motifs.
Wilenski 1940: Modern French Painters, fig. 48a.
Loran 1943: Cézanne's Composition, pp. 78–79, pl. XV.
Rewald 1948b: Paul Cézanne: A Biography, fig. 88.
Rewald 1950a: Cézanne, fig. 68.
Raynal 1954: Cézanne, p. 83, ill.
Milliken 1958: The Cleveland Museum of Art, p. 54, ill.
Henning 1963: "Cleveland Museum of Art: From Turner to Guston," p. 486, ill.
Murphy 1968: The World of Cézanne, 1839–1906, p. 150.
Rewald 1969: "Chocquet et Cézanne," p. 96, note 90.
Elgar 1975: Cézanne, fig. 63.
Arrouye 1982: La Provence de Cézanne, p. 86, ill.
Rewald 1986b: Cézanne: A Biography, p. 187, ill.
Chong 1993: European & American Painting in the Cleveland Museum of Art, p. 33, ill.
De Lartigue 1995: Les paysages de Paul Cézanne, p. 103, ill.
Coutagne et al. 1996: Les Sites Cézanniens du Pays d'Aix: Hommage à John Rewald, p. 94.
Machotka 1996: Cézanne: Landscape into Art, p. 77, fig. 45, with photograph of motif, p. 76, fig. 44, Pigeonnier à Bellevue.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 692, ill. vol. 2, Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer 2003: Cézanne and Provence, The Painter in His Culture, p. 130, fig. 3.31, Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Société Paul Cézanne 2005: P. Cézanne: Les sites provençaux, p. 71, ill. with photo of motif (c. 1976), p. 70, Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 238; vol. 2, p. 159, Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Machotka 2011a: "Des paysages du nord aux premiers pas du cubisme," p. 193, fig. 108, Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Machotka 2014: Cézanne: Landscape into Art, p. 129, fig. 43b, with color photo of motif, fig. 43, Pigeonnier de Bellevue.
Coutagne 2015: "P. Cézanne, sur la colline de la Constance–Valcros," ill. p. 70.

Supplemental Images

The pigeon tower and house at Bellevue. John Rewald Archive, Department of Image Collections, National Gallery of Art Library, Washignton, D.C.
John Rewald, circa 1935; Sabine Rewald
P-A Renoir, Pigeonnier de Bellevue, c. 1888–89, 54 x 65 cm, Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia
Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Pigeonnier de Bellevue, 1889–90 (cat. no. 270)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. (accessed June 20, 2018).
Record last updated December 2, 2016. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.