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Grand baigneur
c. 1885
Alternate titles: Baigneur; Grand Baigneur; Jeune homme nu; Le Baigneur; Le Grand baigneur; Male Figure; The Bather
Rewald: (555) c.1885; Venturi: (548) 1885–87; Venturi revised: 1888–90; Rivière: 1882; Machotka et al: c.1890
Oil on canvas
50 x 38 1/8 in. (127 x 96.8 cm)
Vollard A stockbook: no. 3453, huile. homme nu les mains sur le hanche regardant ses pieds, fond bleu, 131 x 98 cm (200 frs)
Vollard archives: photo no. 562, Annotated by Cézanne's son: 1885


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decade: 1880–89 »
theme: Bather »

Exhibition History

1899b Paris: Galerie Vollard, Paul Cézanne, no. 9, tentative identification (see reviews).
1910d Paris: Galerie Vollard, Figures de Cézanne, no. 1, Baigneur, tentative identification.
1917 Zürich: Kunsthaus, Französische Kunst des XIX und XX. Jahrhunderts, no. 32, ill, Grand Baigneur, lent by A.K [possible misprint for Vollard].
1917b Paris: Paul Rosenberg, Art français du XIXe siècle au profit de l'Association Générale des mutilés de la guerre, no. 9, Le Baigneur, lent by Rosenberg.
1919 Paris: Paul Rosenberg, L'art français au XIXe siècle
1921c New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y, Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings, no. 10, ill, The Bather, lent by anon. [Bliss].
1926 Brooklyn: Brooklyn Academy of Arts and Sciences, N.Y, Summer Exhibition of Modern French and American Painters, lent by Miss Bliss.
1928e New York: Durand-Ruel, N.Y, French Masterpieces of the Late XIX Century, no. 2, Jeune homme nu, lent by anon.
1929 New York: The Museum of Modern Art, N.Y, The museum's first loan exhibition: Cézanne, Gauguin, Seurat, van Gogh, no. 11, ill. (dated 1877), Male Figure, lent by Private collection, N.Y.
1931–32 New York and traveling: The Museum of Modern Art, New York, N.Y, Memorial Exhibition: The Collection of the Late Miss Lizzie P. Bliss, no. 8, The Bather.
1934 Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Museum of Art, Pa, Cézanne, no. 35, ill. (dated c. 1890–93), The Bather, lent by Museum of Modern Art.
1934c New York: The Museum of Modern Art, N.Y, The Lillie P. Bliss Collection, no. 8, ill.
1935 Northampton: Smith College Museum of Art, Mass, French Paintings from the Lillie P. Bliss Collection, no. 5, The Bather.
1935 Pittsburgh: Carnegie Art Institute, Pa, Paintings, Drawings and Watercolors from the Lillie P. Bliss Collection, no. 11, The Bather.
1936 Toledo: Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio, Cézanne and Gauguin, no. 20, ill, The Bather, lent by MoMA.
1940f New York: New York World's Fair, N.Y, Masterpieces of Art, no. 338, ill, The Bather, lent by MoMA.
1942 Montreal: Montreal Art Association, Quebec, Masterpieces of Art, no. 67.
1952 Chicago and traveling: The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Ill, Cézanne, no. 66, ill, lent by Museum of Modern Art.
1989 Basel: Kunstmuseum, Paul Cézanne: Die Badenden, no. 47, pp. 132–33, pl. 95.
1995–96 Paris and traveling: Grand Palais, Paris, Paul Cézanne: Une Rétrospective, no. 104, ill.
2009 Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pa, Cézanne and Beyond, pl. 64, p. 238, Grand baigneur.

Published References

Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, p. 210, listed.
Pène du Bois 1931: "The Lillie P. Bliss Collection," p. 612, ill.
Sweeney 1931: "The Bliss Collection," p. 357.
Klein 1934: The Lillie P. Bliss Collection, no. 8.
Raynal 1936: Cézanne, pl. XCVIII.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, 2 vols., no. 548, ill. vol. 2, Le Grand baigneur.
Dorival 1948: Cézanne, pl. 129.
Schapiro 1952a: Cézanne, pp. 68–69, ill.
Schapiro 1952b: Paul Cézanne, p. 15.
Rousseau 1953: Paul Cézanne, 1839–1906, pl. 16.
Barr, Jr. 1954: Masters of Modern Art, p. 23, ill.
Raynal 1954: Cézanne, p. 77, ill.
Reff 1959: "Cézanne: The Enigma of the Nude," pp. 29, 68.
Reff 1962a: "Cézanne's Bather with Outstretched Arms," p. 188, note 6.
Waldfogel 1965: "Caillebotte, Vollard and Cézanne's 'Baigneurs au repos'," p. 119, fig. 6.
Murphy 1968: The World of Cézanne, 1839–1906, p. 112.
Schapiro 1973: Paul Cézanne, pl. 21 (with comments).
Elgar 1975: Cézanne, cover, fig. 138.
Wadley 1975: Cézanne and His Art, pl. 54.
Lesko 1976: "Cézanne's 'Bather' and a Found Self-Portrait," p. 55, ill.
Ponente 1980: Paul Cézanne, pl. 14.
Rewald 1989: Cézanne and America: Dealers, Collectors, Artists and Critics, 1891–1921, pp. 305, 319, 327, 330, fig. 156.
Wadley 1989: Cézanne and His Art, p. 68, ill. in color.
Patin 1995: Cézanne, p. 69.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 555, ill. vol. 2 and p. 34, ill. col. vol. 1, Le Grand baigneur.
Lewis 2000: Cézanne, p. 164, pl. 103.
Ballas 2002: Cézanne, Baigneuses et Baigneurs. Thème et composition, p. 291, no. 111 (listed), Le Grand baigneur, dated 1885–87.
Athanassoglou-Kallmyer 2003: Cézanne and Provence, The Painter in His Culture, pp. 186, 202, fig. 5.14, Grand baigneur.
Dittmann 2005: Die Kunst Cézannes: Farbe, Rythmus, Symbol, pl. 11.
Feilchenfeldt 2005e: "Cézannes Gemälde: Formate und Themen, Echtheitsfragen," p. 234, ill.
Conisbee 2006c: "The Atelier des Lauves," p. 234, fig. 7, Grand baigneur.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 209; vol. 2, p. 146, Le Grand baigneur.
Bernstein 2009: "Cézanne and Johns: 'At Every Point in Nature There Is Something to See'," p. 470, fig. 17.3, The Bather.
Cowling 2009: "Le Cézannisme de Picasso en 1906–08," p. 43, fig. 2, Grand baigneur.
Elderfield 2009: "Picasso's Extreme Cézanne," p. 238, pl. 64, The Bather.
Rishel 2009: "Cézanne and Hartley: On Sacred Ground," p. 182, ill, p. 238, pl. 64, The Bather.
Lanchner 2011: 10 Works by Paul Cézanne in the Museum of Modern Art Collection, pp. 11–15.
Colrat 2013: Cézanne: Joindre les mains errantes de la nature, p. 104, pl. 23.
Lloyd 2015: Paul Cézanne, Drawings and Watercolors, p. 175, fig. 120.
Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Grand baigneur, c. 1885 (cat. no. 915)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. (accessed December 13, 2018).
Record last updated November 13, 2014. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.