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704
Le Pain et les oeufs
1865
Alternate titles: Bread and Eggs; Das Brot; Nature morte: le pain et les œufs; Still Life; Still Life with Bread and Eggs; Stilleben; Stilleben mit Brot; Stilleben, Brot und Serviette; Zwiebel, Eier und Brot
Rewald: (82) 1865; Venturi: (59) 1865; Rivière: c.1866
Oil on canvas
23 3/16 x 29 7/8 in. (59 x 76 cm)
Signed and dated lower left in red brown: P. Cezanne 1865
Vollard A stockbook: no. 4166, Nature morte , 58 x 75 cm
Vollard B stockbook: no. 4055, Nature morte. Pain, oeufs, et serviettes, 59 x 74 cm (200 frs)
Vollard archives: photo no. 84 and [306?], Annotated by Cézanne's son : 1865

Keywords

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decade: 1860–69 »
theme: Still life »

Exhibition History

1904 Berlin: Paul Cassirer, Sonderausstellung Paul Cézanne, no number, Zwiebel, Eier und Brot.
1907 Budapest: Nemzeti Salon, Gauguin, Cézanne, et al, no. 77, Still Life, lent by Vollard.
1907 Prague: Pavillon Manes, Tableaux modernes, no. 54, lent by Vollard.
1909 Munich: Fruhjahrausstellung der Münchener Sezession, no. 18, Stilleben, Brot und Serviette, lent by Vollard.
1909b Berlin: Paul Cassirer, XII. Jahrgang, III. Ausstellung, no. 19 ("nature morte avec pain, 10,000 frs), Stilleben mit Brot, lent by Vollard.
1921 Berlin: Paul Cassirer, Cézanne—Ausstellung, November/Dezember, MCMXXI, no. 4, Stilleben mit Brot, lent by Hugo Cassirer.
1925b Berlin: Paul Cassirer, Impressionisten, September/Oktober 1925, no. 1 (dated 1865), Das Brot.
1939 Buenos Aires: Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, La Pintura francesa de David a nuestros días, no. 5.
1959e New York: Wildenstein Galleries, N.Y, Cézanne, no. 2, ill, lent by Cincinnati.
1966 Bordeaux: Musée de Bordeaux, La Peinture française: Collections américaines, no. 53, pl. 39.
1971 Washington, D.C. and traveling: Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C, Cézanne: An Exhibition in Honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Phillips Collection, no. 1.
1988–89 London and traveling: Royal Academy of Arts, London, Cézanne: The Early Years, 1859–1872, no. 7, ill.
1994–95 Paris and traveling: Grand Palais, Paris, Impressionnisme: Les origines, 1859–1869, no. 22, fig. 206.
1995–96 Paris and traveling: Grand Palais, Paris, Paul Cézanne: Une Rétrospective, no. 3, ill, shown in Philadelphia only.
2001–02 Washington, D.C. and traveling: Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C, Impressionist Still Life, p. 59, pl. 7, Still Life with Bread and Eggs, lent by Cincinnati Art Museum.
2004–05 Essen: Museum Folkwang, Cézanne: Aufbruch in die Moderne, ill, p. 88, Le Pain et les oeufs.
2005–06 New York and traveling: The Museum of Modern Art, New York, N.Y, Pioneering Modern Painting: Cézanne & Pissarro 1865–1885, pl. 4, p. 80, Le Pain et les oeufs.
2011–12 Paris: Musée du Luxembourg RMNGP, Cézanne et Paris, no. 53, ill, p. 111, Le Pain et les oeufs, lent by Cincinnati Art Museum.
2012 Tokyo: National Art Center, Paris—Provence, no. 6, ill.
2014–15 Philadelphia and traveling: Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia, Pa, The World is an Apple: The Still Lifes of Paul Cézanne, hors catalogue.
2017–18 Karlsruhe: Staatliche Kunsthalle, Cézanne - Metamorphosen, no. 1, ill.

Published References

Duret 1907: "Paul Cézanne," p. 93, ill.
Rilke 1907: "Letter to Clara Rilke, Prague, dated Nov. 4, 1907"
Meier-Graefe 1918: Cézanne und sein Kreis. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte mit 127 Tonätzungen und fünfzehn Heliogravüren, p. 88, ill.
Meier-Graefe 1920: Cézanne und sein Kreis. Ein Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte, p. 88, ill.
Zeisho 1921: Paul Cézanne, fig. 22.
Meier-Graefe 1922: Cézanne und sein Kreis, p. 87, ill, Stilleben, dated 1865.
Rivière 1923: Le Maître Paul Cézanne, p. 197, listed.
Bernard 1925: Sur Paul Cézanne, p. 60, ill.
Iavorskaia 1935a: Cézanne, pl. 7.
Venturi 1936b: Cézanne: Son Art, Son Oeuvre, 2 vols., no. 59, ill. vol. 2, Nature morte: le pain et les œufs.
Scolari and Barr 1937: "Cézanne d'après les lettres de Marion à Morstatt," p. 54 (quoted above, author's translation).
Scolari and Barr 1938: "Cézanne in the Letters of Marion to Morstatt, 1865–68," p. 223.
Rilke 1952: Briefe über Cézanne
Adams 1956: "Cézanne," pp. 17–18, ill.
Emporium 1957: "Cincinnati: Botticelli e Cézanne all' Art Museum," p. 88, ill.
Elles 1958: Das Stilleben in der französischen Malerei des 19. Jahrhunderts, p. 99.
Bruner 1965: "Cincinnati: A Museum with New Walls," p. 38, ill.
Schapiro 1968: "The Apples of Cézanne: An Essay on the Meaning of Still-Life," p. 40.
D'Harnoncourt 1971: "The Necessary Cézanne," p. 35, ill.
Forgey 1971: "Cézanne without Tears," p. 56.
Young 1971: "French Painting in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries," p. 304, fig. 6.
Cincinnati Art Museum 1972: The Mary E. Johnston Collection, p. 6, fig. a.
Zimmerman 1972–73: "The Mary E. Johnston Collection," pp. 13–19, ill.
Weisberg and Talbot 1979: Chardin and the Still-Life Tradition in France, pp. 44, 92, fig. 29.
Weisberg 1980: The Realist Tradition: French Painting and Drawing, 1830–1900, p. 153.
Cincinnati Art Museum 1981: Art Palace of the West: A Centennial Tribute, 1881–1981, p. 51, ill.
Bettendorf 1982: "Cézanne's Early Realism: 'Still Life with Bread and Eggs' Reexamined," pp. 138–41, fig. 2.
Rewald 1986b: Cézanne: A Biography, p. 80, ill.
Düchting 1989: Paul Cézanne: Natur wird Kunst, p. 54, ill.
Kitschen 1995: Cézanne: Stilleben, fig. 1.
Patin 1995: Cézanne, p. 34.
Cahn 1995b: Paul Cézanne, p. 39, ill.
Rewald 1996: The Paintings of Paul Cézanne, A Catalogue Raisonné, 2 vols., no. 82, ill. vol. 2, Le Pain et les oeufs.
Smith 1996: Interpreting Cézanne, p. 28, fig. 19, Bread and Eggs.
Lewis 2000: Cézanne, p. 48, pl. 24.
Freudenberg 2001: Der Zweifler Cézanne, pl. 44.
Machotka 2008: Cézanne: The Eye and the Mind, 2 vols., vol. 1, fig. 66; vol. 2, p. 61, Le Pain et les oeufs.
Taylor 2009: "Learning from 'Papa Cézanne': Arshile Gorky and the (Self-) Invention of the Modern Artist," p. 416, fig. 15.7, Still Life with Bread and Eggs.
Leca 2011: "Le Monde est une pomme: nature mortes et portraits parisiens de Cézanne," p. 111, ill, Le Pain et les oeufs.
Echte and Feilchenfeldt 2011b: Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer: Die Ausstellungen 1901-1905 «Man steht da und staunt», Vol. 2, p. 497, ill.
Coutagne 2011d: Cézanne abstraction faite, p. 204, fig. 141.
Echte and Feilchenfeldt 2013b: Kunstsalon Cassirer: Die Ausstellungen 1908-1910 «Ganz eigenartige neue Werte», Vol. 4, p. 316, ill.
Brettell 2014: "Exhibition review: The World is an Apple," Fig. 66.
Leca 2014: "'The Painter of Apples': Cézanne, Still Life, and Self-Fashioning," p. 31, fig. 1, Still Life with Bread and Eggs.
Pola Museum of Art 2015: Cézanne: Pioneer of Modern Art, p. 27, fig. 3.

Remarks

It is possible that this work, which is both signed and dated, was submitted to the Salon of 1865 where it was rejected.

Page citation: Feilchenfeldt, Walter, Jayne Warman, and David Nash. "Le Pain et les oeufs, 1865 (cat. no. 704)." The Paintings of Paul Cézanne: An Online Catalogue Raisonné. http://cezannecatalogue.com/catalogue/entry.php?id=96 (accessed November 23, 2017).
Record last updated October 1, 2015. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.